Coronary Artery Bypass Graft CABG
A Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG) is a surgery which is performed to bypass blockages and improve blood flow to the heart muscle. A CABG uses a blood vessel (graft) which is taken from the arm, leg or chest to bypass a narrowed or blocked coronary artery.
Standard Coronary Artery Bypas Graft Surgery
Standard or Conventional Coronary Artery Bypass Graft surgery (CABG) is done using the heart-lung machine (cardiopulmonary bypass) whereby the machine allows the heart to be stopped. During that period of cardiac inactivity, the machine takes over the function of the heart and lungs. After the heart is temporarily stopped, new blood vessels (grafts) are sewn in place, bypassing the point of narrowing. Upon completion of the grafting, the heart is restarted and the patient is gradually weaned off the heart-lung machine.
Are There Side Effects?
Although it is a safe procedure, there are some side effects such as personality changes, mental deterioration as well as damages to the kidneys and lungs due to being hooked up on the heart-lung machine.
These complications, which can affect the lives of patients and their families have led surgeons to look for different options. One of the best options is the a technique called the Off-Pump Coronary Bypass Graft Surgery (OPCAB)...Read More